People living in the Punjab, and many Punjabi immigrants abroad, speak the Punjabi language. The language is spoken in the state of Punjab of India and in the east of Punjab of Pakistan.
Many write Punjabi in the Gurmukhi script which was introduced by Guru Angad Dev, a Guru of the Sikhs, in the 16th century. The Guru created the script for use by all people, regardless of their caste, religion, or creed. This was an unusual concept and a radical step as in those days only the high caste people were privileged to read and write.
Punjabi is a simplified language. Gurumukhi contains ten vowels and forty consonants. The script is written just as you would speak the language, thus making learning to read and write much easier.